Railway Stations

Historical Significance

Railway Stations The Jamaica Railway, constructed in 1845, was the first line opened to traffic outside Europe and North America. The rail service was established in the United Kingdom in 1825, the United States in 1830 and Canada in 1836. Not only did the Jamaica Railway have the distinction of being constructed so soon after the first public railway in Britain, but also, it was the first constructed in the British colonies.

In 1843, a proposal to construct the railway line was made by William Smith and his brother David Smith to the House of Assembly in Jamaica. The plan to construct the double track line between Kingston and Spanish Town was favourably received by the Assembly and in the same year the Jamaica Railway Company was incorporated under the 7th Victoria cap. 25.

Inherent Features

The railway stations constructed between 1845 and 1896 demonstrate the application of the Jamaica/Georgian style of architecture. It should be emphasized that although most of the stations were constructed as part of a major line extension, their individual form and features show great variety.

Today, most of the stations are in a state of disrepair. Some are now used as bars, grocery shops or residences. Many stations have alterations made to their original form, nevertheless the original design features remain intact.


Ever since the capture of Jamaica by the English from the Spanish in 1655, the need for fortification became immediate because of the...



The Morant Bay Courthouse, which was destroyed by fire on Monday, February 19, 2007, is an important part of St. Thomas's history.



Built in 1885 of masonry and timber, the Simms building exhibits a combination of Gothic and Georgian features; the projecting...